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Adolph Ross


Ross, Adolph

Ross, Adolph. (“Buster,” “Dolph, ” Adolfo Roces Rodriguez), b. February 3, 1917, NYC, High school education, Single, Laborer, CP 1937 and YCL 1934, Traveled to Spain on a Spanish passport under the name of Adolfo Roces Rodriguez, Domicile 2072 73rd Street, Brooklyn, New York and Bensonhurst, New York,  Arrived in Spain on June 7, 1938, Served with the XV BDE, Lincoln-Washington BN, Co. 4, Served at Ebro Offensive, WIA August 9, 1938 Sierra Pandols, Returned to the US on December 31, 1938 aboard the President Harding, WWII US Army Air Corps, stateside service, d. September 20, 1998, Seattle, Washington, Put together the first comprehensive list of American volunteers in the SCW self-published as American Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939  and initiated the ALBA biographical dictionary project.

Sources: SACB, RA, ALBA 137 Adolph Ross Papers and Photographs;  Pacific NW; (obituary) The Volunteer, Volume 21, No. 1,Winter 1998-99, pp. 20, 23; Adolph Ross, American Volunteers in the Spanish War, 1936-1939, 1993, Self-published.

Photograph: Adolph Ross in Spain, RA Fond 545, Opis 6, Delo 976.



Adolph Ross was born in New York City. The son of a Polish-English mother and an Austrian-born father, Ross spent his infancy in a Knights of Pythias orphanage, later acquiring the surname Ross from his mother’s second husband.

Ross became involved in politics at a young age, joining the Young Communist League and the National Student League while still in high school. In 1937 Ross volunteered for service in the Spanish Civil War, but was not granted permission until 1938, when he obtained a Spanish visa and traveled under the pseudonym Adolfo Rodriguez. In Spain he fought in the Ebro Campaign and in August 1938 was severely wounded while fighting in the Sierra Pandols. He returned to New York on December 31, 1938.

After service in the U.S. Army Air Corps as a Link Trainer instructor, Ross moved to Long Island with his wife Lillian and in the late seventies began compiling lists for a complete biographical directory of those who served in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Originally sponsored by the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade (VALB), the project continued under the auspices of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA). ALBA has planned to expand and publish the project data. Although Ross printed several versions of the “ALBA Biographical Dictionary Project” in the 1980s and 90s, he intended that the data included would be further refined. After his death in 1998, ALBA Executive Board member and Spanish Civil War historian Christopher Brooks continued Ross’s research, amassing additional biographical data on Lincoln Brigade veterans and other Americans who served in Spain.

Adolph Ross’s project was the basis of a list of Lincoln Brigade volunteers and medical personnel included in a souvenir brochure (No Pasaran! The 50th Anniversary of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade) published by ALBA/VALB in 1986. 

- Biography courtesy of Tamiment Library, NYU.




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Full Database Record

Last Name Ross
First/Middle Name Adolph
Ethnicity Note
Immigration Status
AKA Last Name 1
AKA First / Middle 1
AKA Last Name 2
AKA First / Middle 2
Foreign Nation
Foreign Nation City
Alt Pob State, City
Family: Name
Family: Relationship
Family: Begin Date
Family: End Date
Family: Comments
Education HS
Education College / Univ 1
Education College/Univ Notes
Education College/Univ 2
Graduate or Doctoral Work
Graduate or Doctoral Work Notes
Prior Military Service
Passport #
Passport Series
Passport Reported Lost in Spain
Passport Age
Passport Date
PP or Known Address Street
PP or Known Address City
PP or Known Address State
ALT City
Alt State
Sail Date
Marital Status
Marital Notes
Vocation 1
Vocation 2
Vocation 3
Party Affiliation
Date Affiliation
ALT Affiliation
ALT date
ALT affiliation 2
Arrival (in Spain) Date
Units served with
Battle action
Returned Date
Returned other
WWII Service
Place Died City
KIA/MIA/Died other
KIA/MIA/Died other Date
KIA/MIA/Died other Location
KIA/MIA/Died other Battle
Additional Notes