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Arthur Munday

Biography

Munday, Arthur


Munday, Arthur. b. July 12, 1915, NYC, Education through the 7th grade and 2 years in the Eastman Kodak Photographic school beginning in 1935; Single (Married), Photographer, CP 1935 (1936); received passport# 365792 on February 5, 1937 which listed his address as 149 West 24th Street, and 33 Northwest 77th street both NYC (1693 2nd Avenue, New York); Sailed February 10, 1937 aboard the Washington, Arrived in Spain on February 24, 1937, Arrived in Spain on February 21, 1938; Served with the 86th BDE, 20th BN, Commanded American Section, Cordoba Front; XV BDE, Lincoln-Washington  BN, last unit Lincoln-Washington BN, Co. 1, rank Cabo, Served at Quinto, Belchite, Teruel, Retreats and Ebro Offensive, Wounded in action during the Retreats, again after the Ebro crossing, Served as a section leader during the Retreats, Returned to the US on December 15, 1938 aboard the Paris, WWII US Army, Infantry, ETO, France and Germany, rank field commission to Lieutenant, Mundy died in January 2000.

Sources: Sail, SACB, Cadre, Pay, RA, Good Fight C; (obituary) Moe Fishman, “Arthur Munday,” The Volunteer, Volume 22, No. 4, Fall 2000, p. 22.

Photograph: Arthur Munday in Spain, RA Fond 545, Opis 6, Delo 951.

 

Art fought in many battles in Spain and was wounded five times. Each time he recovered he went back to the battalion and fought another battle. He was first assigned to the 20th battalion that went south to halt the fascist advance from Seville at Cordoba.

Next he was with the Lincolns at Quinto and Belchite. During the retreats he was a section leader and was wounded twice. In the crossing of the Ebro he was wounded on the Villalba-Gandesa road. Ben Holtzman helped pull him to safety.

During World War II, Art was a commander of the first U.S. troops to reach the Mauthausen concentration camp. Their orders were to liberate the camps and move on quickly. Two Nazis in a guard tower refused to come down and were shot. Eight more Germans came forward and surrendered. His daughter, Patricia, remembers him saying: “No words can relay the conditions of the prisoners in the camp.” Her father, she continued, “a real tough guy from Hells Kitchen, would get tears in his eyes when he spoke about that day. The knowledge that large numbers of Spanish Republicans were imprisoned there gave greater meaning to this act of liberation.”

Back in civilian life, Art worked at many trades, the last as a charter captain out of Montauk Point at the tip of Long Island. Throughout the years he continued to actively support the activities of VALB. We shall miss him.

Art Munday died in January 2000. He was 75 years old.

—Moe Fishman

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Last Name Munday
First/Middle Name Arthur
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