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Basilio Cueria y Obrit

Biography

Basilio Cueria y Obrit


Cueria y Obrit, Basilio. b. 1895 (?); Mariano, Cuba; African American/Cuban; Prior military service in the Cuban Army, 4 years; Married; Laborer and former professional baseball player;  CP 1933; 42 years old; Sailed January 20, 1937 aboard the Berengaria; Arrived in Spain on February 4, 1937; Served with the XV BDE, Lincoln BN; transferred to 46th Division "Campesinos", Commander Special MG Co. attached to Division HQ; likely returned directly to Cuba after leaving Spain; d. May 1959, Cuba.

Source: Cadre, Americans, Lincolns.

Photograph: Basilio Cueria y Obrit, VALB/ALBA.

 

Biography

Basilio Cueria y Obrit was born in Marianao, Cuba in 1895. His mother was Afro-Cuban and his father an Asturian miner who had emigrated from Spain. As a youth, Cueria was an outstanding baseball player and during a three-year enlistment in the Cuban armed forces, played on the Army's all-star team. Later he played for the professional "All Cubans" and later the "Cuban Stars." With these teams he toured Cuba and the southern United States. In 1923, Cueria retired from baseball and moved to Jacksonville, Florida. Three years later he moved to Long Island, New York where he got a job in a heating plant. He briefly attempted a professional comeback in baseball, playing with the "Havana Red Sox." In 1928, he retired permanently from baseball. During the 1930s, Cueria lived and worked in New York where he remained close to the Cuban American community and was a member of the Julio Mella Club. In 1935 he joined the Communist party. Cueria volunteered for the International Brigades in the fall of 1936. Leaving behind his wife and child, he sailed for Europe aboard the Berengaria on January 20, 1937. In Spain he first served in the Lincoln Battalion, but after five months transferred to the Spanish 46th Division, named after its famed commander, El Campesino. Cueria commanded a Machine Gun Company. At the battle of Jarama he single-handedly wiped out an enemy machine-gun nest. Cueria was promoted to Captain and received a citation for distinguished service from General Miaja. After the international volunteers left Spain, Cueria returned to Cuba where he died in 1959.~ Chris Brooks

 

 

ALB Archival Materials

Search the Tamiment Archives

Images

Spanish officer, Cueria y Obrit, and Danalo Diaz, Cubans in Spain.

“Joe” Cuerra on the Jarama Front, Spain 1937, NYU, Tamiment , Daily Worker Photograph Collection, DW 223, Box 201, file 25280B.

“Joe” Cuerra on the Jarama Front, Spain 1937, NYU, Tamiment , Daily Worker Photograph Collection, DW 223, Box 201, file 25280B.

Full Database Record

Last Name Cueria y Obrit
First/Middle Name Basilio
Ethnicity
Ethnicity Note
Immigration Status
Religion
POW
AKA Last Name 1
AKA First / Middle 1
AKA Last Name 2
AKA First / Middle 2
DOB
City
State
Foreign Nation
Foreign Nation City
Alt Pob State, City
Family: Name
Family: Relationship
Family: Begin Date
Family: End Date
Family: Comments
Education HS
Education College / Univ 1
Education College/Univ Notes
Education College/Univ 2
Graduate or Doctoral Work
Graduate or Doctoral Work Notes
Prior Military Service
Passport #
Passport Series
Passport Reported Lost in Spain
Passport Age
Passport Date
PP or Known Address Street
PP or Known Address City
PP or Known Address State
ALT City
Alt State
Sail Date
Ship
Marital Status
Marital Notes
Vocation 1
Vocation 2
Vocation 3
Party Affiliation
Date Affiliation
ALT Affiliation
ALT date
ALT affiliation 2
Arrival (in Spain) Date
Units served with
Battle action
Rank
Returned Date
Returned other
WWII Service
DOD
Cause
Place Died City
KIA/MIA/Died other
KIA/MIA/Died other Date
KIA/MIA/Died other Location
KIA/MIA/Died other Battle
Additional Notes