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Eluard Luchell McDaniels

Biography

McDaniels, Eluard


McDaniels, Eluard Luchell. (“El Fantastico”); b. 1912; African American; Single; Machinist; CP 1930, organizer sharecroppers; eceived Passport# 29525 San Francisco series on June 12, 1937 which listed his address as 1116 Stockton Street, and 2833 Sacremento Street, both San Francisco, California (Lumberton, Mississipi); Sailed June 25, 1937 aboard the Ausonia; Arrived in Spain on July 15 (4), 1937; Served as an  ambulance driver with the First  Evacuation Group, later transferred to the XV BDE Mackenzie-Papineau BN, Teruel later to Lincoln-Washington BN, reported MIA Retreats, with note " fue al hospital despues de cruzar el rio." (went to the hospital after crossing the river,” Ebro Offensive, Platoon Sergeant, rank Sargento;Returned to the US on December 31, 1938 aboard the President Harding; WWII Merchant Marines; d. December 6, 1985.

Sources: Sail, SACB, Cadre, BN 58 Retreats, RA.

Photograph: Eluard Luchell McDaniels, March 1938. The 15th International Brigade Photographic Unit Photograph Collection; ALBA Photo 11; ALBA Photo number 11-0127. Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, 70 Washington Square South, New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.

 

Biography

Eluard Luchell McDaniels was born in Mississippi in 1912. He left home at an early age and made his way to California. In San Francisco, Consuelo Kanaga, a well-known photographer, took him in. Under her tutelage McDaniels completed high school and studied art at San Francisco State College. While living in San Francisco, McDaniels developed ties to the labor movement and the Communist party, which he joined in 1930. In the early years of the Depression he returned to the South to help organize the Alabama Sharecroppers' Union. He was also involved in the Federal Writers Project of the WPA and published short stories in a WPA publication "Just Stuff." McDaniels traveled to Europe aboard the Ausonia on June 25,1937. In Spain, McDaniels was assigned to a transport unit as a truck driver. In early in 1938 he was transferred as an infantryman to the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion and eventually to the Lincoln-Washington Battalion. During the Ebro Offensive Spanish Loyalist troops, awed by his prowess at grenade pitching, gave McDaniels the nickname "El Fantastico." Wounded in his left leg he spent the remainder of his time in Spain in hospitals. He returned to the United States, on the President Harding, on December 31, 1938. McDaniels returned to San Francisco, joined the Merchant Marine and worked as a cook. In 1940, he was elected to the post of Adjutant Commander of the VALB. During the Red Scare of the 1950s, the Coast Guard screened him from the Merchant Marine. McDaniels found employment at a factory in San Francisco and worked there until his retirement. He died on December 6, 1985. ~ Chris Brooks

ALB Archival Materials

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Images

Luchell McDaniels in poncho, center, with unidentified volunteers. Betea, March 1938. (ALBA Collection)

Full Database Record

Last Name McDaniels
First/Middle Name Eluard Luchell
Ethnicity
Ethnicity Note
Immigration Status
Religion
POW
AKA Last Name 1
AKA First / Middle 1
AKA Last Name 2
AKA First / Middle 2
DOB
City
State
Foreign Nation
Foreign Nation City
Alt Pob State, City
Family: Name
Family: Relationship
Family: Begin Date
Family: End Date
Family: Comments
Education HS
Education College / Univ 1
Education College/Univ Notes
Education College/Univ 2
Graduate or Doctoral Work
Graduate or Doctoral Work Notes
Prior Military Service
Passport #
Passport Series
Passport Reported Lost in Spain
Passport Age
Passport Date
PP or Known Address Street
PP or Known Address City
PP or Known Address State
ALT City
Alt State
Sail Date
Ship
Marital Status
Marital Notes
Vocation 1
Vocation 2
Vocation 3
Party Affiliation
Date Affiliation
ALT Affiliation
ALT date
ALT affiliation 2
Arrival (in Spain) Date
Units served with
Battle action
Rank
Returned Date
Returned other
WWII Service
DOD
Cause
Place Died City
KIA/MIA/Died other
KIA/MIA/Died other Date
KIA/MIA/Died other Location
KIA/MIA/Died other Battle
Additional Notes