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Mark Straus


Strauss, Mark

Straus, Mark. b. May 1, 1909, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Jewish, AMB, Completed medical school at Faculte de Medicine de l'Universite de Paris in 1936, Doctor, CP February 1936, received passport# 389521 on April 13, 1937 which listed his address as 1791 Walton Avenue, NYC, Paid his own way to Spain, Arrived in Spain on May 1, 1937, Served with the XV BDE, Washington BN, Battalion Doctor; Lincoln-Washington BN, Doctor, rank Captain;  Served at Brunete, Quinto and Belchite; Returned to the US on July 12, 1938 aboard the Aquitania; d. October 1993.

Sources: SACB, Cadre (under Straus), RA, SSN; ALBA 277 Mark Strauss Papers and Photographs.

Photograph: Dr. Mark Straus, Chief of Sanidad, XV Brigade, May 1938. The 15th International Brigade Photographic Unit Photograph Collection; ALBA Photo 11; ALBA Photo number 11-0020. Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, 70 Washington Square South, New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries.



Mark Straus (1909-1993) was a Jewish doctor and a captain in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. After graduating from the University of Alabama he moved to Paris and received his medical degree from the University of Paris in 1936. A radical leftist, Straus went to Spain as part of the American Medical Bureau, Group IV, which arrived there in May 1937. Initially in charge of the Washington Battalion's medical unit, he went on to became chief medical officer for the 15th International Brigade. At the request of the Medical Bureau he returned to the U.S. on the S.S. Aquitania on July 12, 1938.

After the war, Straus succeeded Dr. Edward Barsky as chairman of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, when Barsky was sent to prison for refusing to cooperate with the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1950. Straus taught at New York Medical College and at Flower and Fifth Avenue Hospitals and later had a private practice in Brooklyn, NY. He held another medical position as a consultant to the Fur Dressers and Dyers Joint Board, conducting research on the occupational hazards of dyes. - Biography courtesy of Tamiment Library, NYU.


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Last Name Straus
First/Middle Name Mark
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