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Peter Frye


John Londragon and Peter Frye

Frye, Peter. (Peter Friedman), b. May 8, 1914, Montreal, Canada, Jewish, Married; Theater worker and Student; CP 1935, Domicile 155 East 44th Street, NYC, Sailed May 26, 1937 aboard the Vollendam, Arrived in Spain on June 18, 1937, Served with the XV BDE, Lincoln-Washington BN, Company 1,  Served at Quinto and Belchite.  WIA in arm resulted in the permanent loss of use of three fingers on his right arm, Returned to the US on March 2, 1938 aboard the Queen Mary, WWII civilian due to war wound, d. June 1991, Sutton, Surrey, England.

Sources: Cadre, RA, Thelma Ruby and Peter Frye, Double or Nothing: Two Live in the Theater (London: Janus Publishing ), 1997.

Photograph: John Londragon from Scotland and Peter Frye (right). Photograph courtesy Thelma Ruby.


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Last Name Frye
First/Middle Name Peter
Ethnicity Note
Immigration Status
AKA Last Name 1
AKA First / Middle 1
AKA Last Name 2
AKA First / Middle 2
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Education HS
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Graduate or Doctoral Work
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Prior Military Service
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Passport Reported Lost in Spain
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PP or Known Address Street
PP or Known Address City
PP or Known Address State
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Sail Date
Marital Status
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Vocation 1
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Party Affiliation
Date Affiliation
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ALT date
ALT affiliation 2
Arrival (in Spain) Date
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KIA/MIA/Died other Battle
Additional Notes Peter was born in Montreal, Canada, May 8th, 1914. He changed his name from Friedman to Frye when he first worked in the theater at age 12. He went to live in NYC at the age of 18, and became involved in the left wing theater movement, including the Theater of Action and the Group Theater. He volunteered for the Abraham Lincoln Brigade and went to Spain in early 1937. Badly wounded, on his return to the US, he made a career as a theater director and teacher. Forced to leave the US because of the McCarthy witch-hunt, he settled in Israel in 1952. He became very famous as a director and teacher, and a fighter---as he was all his life---for everyone who was badly treated. I was his third wife, and married him in Israel in 1970. We came to England, my home, to live in 1981, and he died there in 1991. The book,Double or Nothing, the joint autobiography of Thelma Ruby and Peter Frye, contains a wonderful chapter about his time in Spain. He considered his time in Spain the most important in his life, and was very grateful to be able to go to the 1986 reunion in Spain. Peter wanted so badly that the Spanish government would recognize the International Brigades in 1986, which they didn't at the time, unlike the cities of Madrid and Barcelona, which welcomed us with open arms. He used to say he wanted to live to be in a victory parade through the streets of Madrid. As his widow, I was very proud to go to the Spanish Embassy (London) in 2009, when the ambassador conferred Spanish citizenship on the few remaining Volunteers. Thelma Ruby